An ethical hacker is usually employed by an organization who trusts him or her to attempt to penetrate networks and/or computer systems, using the same methods as a hacker, for the purpose of finding and fixing computer security vulnerabilities. Unauthorized hacking (i.e., gaining access to computer systems without prior authorization from the owner) is a crime in most countries, but penetration testing done by request of the owner of the targeted system(s) or network(s) is not. A Certified Ethical Hacker has obtained a certification in how to look for the weaknesses and vulnerabilities in target systems and uses the same knowledge and tools as a hacker.
 
C|EH Course Outline  
 
 

Become a Certified Ethical Hacker

Introduction to Ethical Hacking

  • Internet Crime Current Report: IC3
  • Data Breach Investigations Report
  • Types of Data Stolen From the Organizations
  • Essential Terminologies
  • Elements of Information Security
  • Authenticity and Non-Repudiation
  • The Security, Functionality, and Usability Triangle
  • Security Challenges
  • Effects of Hacking
    • Effects of Hacking on Business
  • Who is a Hacker?
  • Hacker Classes
  • Hacktivism
  • What Does a Hacker Do?
  • Phase 1 - Reconnaissance
    • Reconnaissance Types
  • Phase 2 - Scanning
  • Phase 3 – Gaining Access
  • Phase 4 – Maintaining Access
  • Phase 5 – Covering Tracks
  • Types of Attacks on a System
    • Operating System Attacks
    • Application-Level Attacks
    • Shrink Wrap Code Attacks
    • Misconfiguration Attacks
  • Why Ethical Hacking is Necessary?
  • Defense in Depth
  • Scope and Limitations of Ethical Hacking
  • What Do Ethical Hackers Do?
  • Skills of an Ethical Hacker
  • Vulnerability Research
  • Vulnerability Research Websites
  • What is Penetration Testing?
  • Why Penetration Testing?
  • Penetration Testing Methodology

Footprinting and Reconnaissance

  • Footprinting Terminologies
  • What is Footprinting?
  • Objectives of Footprinting
  • Footprinting Threats
  • Finding a Company’s URL
  • Locate Internal URLs
  • Public and Restricted Websites
  • Search for Company’s Information
    • Tools to Extract Company’s Data
  • Footprinting Through Search Engines
  • Collect Location Information
    • Satellite Picture of a Residence
  • People Search
    • People Search Using http://pipl.com
    • People Search Online Services
    • People Search on Social Networking Services
  • Gather Information from Financial Services
  • Footprinting Through Job Sites
  • Monitoring Target Using Alerts
  • Competitive Intelligence Gathering
    • Competitive Intelligence-When Did this Company Begin?  How Did it Develop?
    • Competitive Intelligence-What are the Company's Plans?
    • Competitive Intelligence-What Expert Opinion Say About the Company?
    • Competitive Intelligence Tools
    • Competitive Intelligence Consulting Companies
  • WHOIS Lookup
    • WHOIS Lookup Result Analysis
    • WHOIS Lookup Tools: SmartWhois
    • WHOIS Lookup Tools
    • WHOIS Lookup Online Tools
  • Extracting DNS Information
    • DNS Interrogation Tools
    • DNS Interrogation Online Tools
  • Locate the Network Range
  • Traceroute
    • Traceroute Analysis
    • Traceroute Tool: 3D Traceroute
    • Traceroute Tool: LoriotPro
    • Traceroute Tool: Path Analyzer Pro
    • Traceroute Tools
  • Mirroring Entire Website
    • Website Mirroring Tools
    • Mirroring Entire Website Tools
  • Extract Website Information from http://www.archive.org
  • Monitoring Web Updates Using Website Watcher
  • Tracking Email Communications
    • Email Tracking Tools
  • Footprint Using Google Hacking Techniques
  • What a Hacker Can Do With Google Hacking?
  • Google Advance Search Operators
    • Finding Resources using Google Advance Operator
  • Google Hacking Tool: Google Hacking Database (GHDB)
  • Google Hacking Tools
  • Additional Footprinting Tools
  • Footprinting Countermeasures
  • Footprinting Pen Testing

Scanning Networks

  • Network Scanning
  • Types of Scanning
  • Checking for Live Systems - ICMP Scanning
  • Ping Sweep
    • Ping Sweep Tools
  • Three-Way Handshake
  • TCP Communication Flags
    • Create Custom Packet using TCP Flags
  • Hping2 / Hping3
  • Hping Commands
  • Scanning Techniques
    • TCP Connect / Full Open Scan
    • Stealth Scan (Half-open Scan)
    • Xmas Scan
    • FIN Scan
    • NULL Scan
    • IDLE Scan
      • IDLE Scan: Step 1
      • IDLE Scan: Step 2.1 (Open Port)
      • IDLE Scan: Step 2.2  (Closed Port)
      • IDLE Scan: Step 3
    • ICMP Echo Scanning/List Scan
    • SYN/FIN Scanning Using IP Fragments
    • UDP Scanning
    • Inverse TCP Flag Scanning
    • ACK Flag Scanning
  • Scanning: IDS Evasion Techniques
  • IP Fragmentation Tools
  • Scanning Tool: Nmap
  • Scanning Tool: NetScan Tools Pro
  • Scanning Tools
  • Do Not Scan These IP Addresses (Unless you want to get into trouble)
  • Scanning Countermeasures
  • War Dialing
  • Why War Dialing?
  • War Dialing Tools
  • War Dialing Countermeasures
    • War Dialing Countermeasures: SandTrap Tool
  • OS Fingerprinting
    • Active Banner Grabbing Using Telnet
  • Banner Grabbing Tool: ID Serve
  • GET REQUESTS
  • Banner Grabbing Tool: Netcraft
  • Banner Grabbing Tools
  • Banner Grabbing Countermeasures: Disabling or Changing Banner
  • Hiding File Extensions
  • Hiding File Extensions from Webpages
  • Vulnerability Scanning
    • Vulnerability Scanning Tool: Nessus
    • Vulnerability Scanning Tool: SAINT
    • Vulnerability Scanning Tool: GFI LANGuard
  • Network Vulnerability Scanners
  • LANsurveyor
  • Network Mappers
  • Proxy Servers
  • Why Attackers Use Proxy Servers?
  • Use of Proxies for Attack
  • How Does MultiProxy Work?
  • Free Proxy Servers
  • Proxy Workbench
  • Proxifier Tool: Create Chain of Proxy Servers
  • SocksChain
  • TOR (The Onion Routing)
  • TOR Proxy Chaining Software
  • HTTP Tunneling Techniques
  • Why do I Need HTTP Tunneling?
  • Super Network Tunnel Tool
  • Httptunnel for Windows
  • Additional HTTP  Tunneling Tools
  • SSH Tunneling
  • SSL Proxy Tool
  • How to Run SSL Proxy?
  • Proxy Tools
  • Anonymizers
  • Types of Anonymizers
  • Case: Bloggers Write Text Backwards to Bypass Web Filters in China
  • Text Conversion to Avoid Filters
  • Censorship Circumvention Tool:  Psiphon
  • How Psiphon Works?
  • How to Check if  Your Website is Blocked in China or Not?
  • G-Zapper
  • Anonymizer Tools
  • Spoofing IP Address
  • IP Spoofing Detection Techniques: Direct TTL Probes
  • IP Spoofing Detection Techniques: IP Identification Number
  • IP Spoofing Detection Techniques: TCP Flow Control Method
  • IP Spoofing Countermeasures
  • Scanning Pen Testing

Enumeration

  • What is Enumeration?
  • Techniques for Enumeration
  • Netbios Enumeration
    • NetBIOS Enumeration Tool: SuperScan
    • NetBIOS Enumeration Tool: NetBIOS Enumerator
  • Enumerating User Accounts
  • Enumerate Systems Using Default Passwords
  • SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) Enumeration
    • Management Information Base (MIB)
    • SNMP Enumeration Tool: OpUtils Network Monitoring Toolset
    • SNMP Enumeration Tool: SolarWinds
    • SNMP Enumeration Tools
  • UNIX/Linux Enumeration
    • Linux Enumeration Tool: Enum4linux
  • LDAP Enumeration
    • LDAP Enumeration Tool: JXplorer
    • LDAP Enumeration Tool
  • NTP Enumeration
    • NTP Server Discovery Tool: NTP Server Scanner
    • NTP Server: PresenTense Time Server
    • NTP Enumeration Tools
  • SMTP Enumeration
    • SMTP Enumeration Tool: NetScanTools Pro
  • DNS Zone Transfer Enumeration Using nslookup
    • DNS Analyzing and Enumeration Tool:  The Men & Mice Suite
  • Enumeration Countermeasures
    • SMB Enumeration Countermeasures
  • Enumeration Pen Testing

System Hacking

  • Information at Hand Before System Hacking Stage
  • System Hacking: Goals
  • CEH Hacking Methodology (CHM)
  • Password Cracking
    • Password Complexity
    • Password Cracking Techniques
    • Types of Password Attacks
      • Passive Online Attacks: Wire Sniffing
      • Password Sniffing
      • Passive Online Attack:  Man-in-the-Middle and Replay Attack
      • Active Online Attack: Password Guessing
        • Active Online Attack: Trojan/Spyware/Keylogger
        • Active Online Attack: Hash Injection Attack
      • Rainbow Attacks: Pre-Computed Hash
      • Distributed Network Attack
        • Elcomsoft Distributed Password Recovery
      • Non-Electronic Attacks
        • Default Passwords
      • Manual Password Cracking (Guessing)
      • Automatic Password Cracking Algorithm
      • Stealing Passwords Using USB Drive
  • Microsoft Authentication
  • How Hash Passwords are Stored in Windows SAM?
  • What is LAN Manager Hash?
    • LM “Hash” Generation
    • LM, NTLMv1, and NTLMv2
    • NTLM Authentication Process
  • Kerberos Authentication
  • Salting
  • PWdump7 and Fgdump
  • L0phtCrack
  • Ophcrack
  • Cain & Abel
  • RainbowCrack
  • Password Cracking Tools
  • LM Hash Backward Compatibility
    • How to Disable LM HASH?
  • How to Defend against Password Cracking?
    • Implement and Enforce Strong Security Policy
  • Privilege Escalation
    • Escalation of Privileges
  • Active@ Password Changer
  • Privilege Escalation Tools
  • How to Defend against Privilege Escalation?
  • Executing Applications
  • Alchemy Remote Executor
  • RemoteExec
  • Execute This!
  • Keylogger
  • Types of Keystroke Loggers
  • Acoustic/CAM Keylogger
    • Keylogger: Advanced Keylogger
    • Keylogger: Spytech SpyAgent
    • Keylogger: Perfect Keylogger
    • Keylogger: Powered Keylogger
    • Keylogger for Mac: Aobo Mac OS X KeyLogger
    • Keylogger for Mac: Perfect Keylogger for Mac
    • Hardware Keylogger: KeyGhost
  • Keyloggers
  • Spyware
    • What Does the Spyware Do?
    • Types of Spywares
      • Desktop Spyware
        • Desktop Spyware: Activity Monitor
      • Email and Internet Spyware
        • Email and Internet Spyware: eBLASTER
      • Internet and E-mail Spyware
      • Child Monitoring Spyware
        • Child Monitoring Spyware: Advanced Parental Control
      • Screen Capturing Spyware
        • Screen Capturing Spyware: Spector Pro
      • USB Spyware
        • USB Spyware: USBDumper
      • Audio Spyware
        • Audio Spyware: RoboNanny, Stealth Recorder Pro and Spy Voice Recorder
      • Video Spyware
        • Video Spyware: Net Video Spy
      • Print Spyware
        • Print Spyware: Printer Activity Monitor
      • Telephone/Cellphone Spyware
      • Cellphone Spyware: Mobile Spy
      • GPS Spyware
        • GPS Spyware: GPS TrackMaker
  • How to Defend against Keyloggers?
    • Anti-Keylogger
    • Anti-Keylogger: Zemana AntiLogger
    • Anti-Keyloggers
  • How to Defend against Spyware?
    • Anti-Spyware: Spyware Doctor
  • Rootkits
  • Types of Rootkits
  • How Rootkit Works?
  • Rootkit: Fu
  • Detecting Rootkits
    • Steps for Detecting Rootkits
  • How to Defend against Rootkits?
  • Anti-Rootkit: RootkitRevealer and McAfee Rootkit Detective
  • NTFS Data Stream
    • How to Create NTFS Streams?
    • NTFS Stream Manipulation
    • How to Defend against NTFS Streams?
    • NTFS Stream Detector: ADS Scan Engine
    • NTFS Stream Detectors
  • What is Steganography?
    • Steganography Techniques
    • How Steganography Works?
  • Types of Steganography
    • Whitespace Steganography Tool: SNOW
  • Image Steganography
    • Image Steganography: Hermetic Stego
    • Image Steganography Tools
  • Document Steganography: wbStego
    • Document Steganography Tools
  • Video Steganography: Our Secret
    • Video Steganography Tools
  • Audio Steganography: Mp3stegz
    • Audio Steganography Tools
  • Folder Steganography: Invisible Secrets 4
    • Folder Steganography Tools
  • Spam/Email Steganography: Spam Mimic
  • Natural Text Steganography: Sams Big G Play Maker
  • Steganalysis
    • Steganalysis Methods/Attacks on Steganography
  • Steganography Detection Tool: Stegdetect
    • Steganography Detection Tools
  • Why Cover Tracks?
    • Covering Tracks
  • Ways to Clear Online Tracks
  • Disabling Auditing: Auditpol
  • Covering Tracks Tool: Window Washer
  • Covering Tracks Tool: Tracks Eraser Pro
    • Track Covering Tools
  • System Hacking Penetration Testing

Trojans and Backdoors

  • What is a Trojan?
  • Overt and Covert Channels
  • Purpose of Trojans
  • What Do Trojan Creators Look For?
  • Indications of a Trojan Attack
  • Common Ports used by Trojans
  • How to Infect Systems Using a Trojan?
  • Wrappers
    • Wrapper Covert Programs
  • Different Ways a Trojan can Get into a System
  • How to Deploy a Trojan?
  • Evading Anti-Virus Techniques
  • Types of Trojans
    • Command Shell Trojans
      • Command Shell Trojan: Netcat
    • GUI Trojan: MoSucker
      • GUI Trojan: Jumper and Biodox
    • Document Trojans
    • E-mail Trojans
      • E-mail Trojans: RemoteByMail
    • Defacement Trojans
      • Defacement Trojans: Restorator
    • Botnet Trojans
      • Botnet Trojan: Illusion Bot
      • Botnet Trojan: NetBot Attacker
    • Proxy Server Trojans
      • Proxy Server Trojan: W3bPrOxy Tr0j4nCr34t0r (Funny Name)
    • FTP Trojans
      • FTP Trojan: TinyFTPD
    • VNC Trojans
    • HTTP/HTTPS Trojans
      • HTTP Trojan: HTTP RAT
    • Shttpd Trojan - HTTPS (SSL)
    • ICMP Tunneling
      • ICMP Trojan: icmpsend
    • Remote Access Trojans
      • Remote Access Trojan: RAT DarkComet
      • Remote Access Trojan: Apocalypse
    • Covert Channel Trojan: CCTT
    • E-banking Trojans
    • Banking Trojan Analysis
      • E-banking Trojan: ZeuS
  • Destructive Trojans
  • Notification Trojans
  • Credit Card Trojans
  • Data Hiding Trojans (Encrypted Trojans)
  • BlackBerry Trojan: PhoneSnoop
  • MAC OS X Trojan: DNSChanger
  • MAC OS X Trojan: DNSChanger
  • Mac OS X Trojan: Hell Raiser
  • How to Detect Trojans?
    • Scanning for Suspicious Ports
    • Port Monitoring Tool: IceSword
    • Port Monitoring Tools: CurrPorts and TCPView
    • Scanning for Suspicious Processes
  • Process Monitoring Tool: What's Running
    • Process Monitoring Tools
  • Scanning for Suspicious Registry Entries
  • Registry Entry Monitoring Tools
  • Scanning for Suspicious Device Drivers
    • Device Drivers Monitoring Tools: DriverView
    • Device Drivers Monitoring Tools
  • Scanning for Suspicious Windows Services
    • Windows Services Monitoring Tools: Windows Service Manager (SrvMan)
    • Windows Services Monitoring Tools
  • Scanning for Suspicious Startup Programs
    • Windows7 Startup Registry Entries
    • Startup Programs Monitoring Tools: Starter
    • Startup Programs Monitoring Tools: Security AutoRun
    • Startup Programs Monitoring Tools
  • Scanning for Suspicious Files and Folders
    • Files and Folder Integrity Checker: FastSum and WinMD5
    • Files and Folder Integrity Checker
  • Scanning for Suspicious Network Activities
    • Detecting Trojans and Worms with Capsa Network Analyzer
  • Trojan Countermeasures
  • Backdoor Countermeasures
  • Trojan Horse Construction Kit
  • Anti-Trojan Software: TrojanHunter
  • Anti-Trojan Software: Emsisoft Anti-Malware
  • Anti-Trojan Softwares
  • Pen Testing for Trojans and Backdoors

Viruses and Worms

  • Introduction to Viruses
  • Virus and Worm Statistics 2010
  • Stages of Virus Life
  • Working of  Viruses: Infection Phase
  • Working of  Viruses: Attack Phase
  • Why Do People Create Computer Viruses?
  • Indications of Virus Attack
  • How does a Computer get Infected by Viruses?
  • Virus Hoaxes
  • Virus Analysis:
    • W32/Sality AA
    • W32/Toal-A
    • W32/Virut
    • Klez
  • Types of Viruses
    • System or Boot Sector Viruses
    • File and Multipartite Viruses
    • Macro Viruses
    • Cluster Viruses
    • Stealth/Tunneling Viruses
    • Encryption Viruses
    • Polymorphic Code
    • Metamorphic Viruses
    • File Overwriting or Cavity Viruses
    • Sparse Infector Viruses
    • Companion/Camouflage Viruses
    • Shell Viruses
    • File Extension Viruses
    • Add-on and Intrusive Viruses
  • Transient and Terminate and Stay Resident Viruses
  • Writing a Simple Virus Program
    • Terabit Virus Maker
    • JPS Virus Maker
    • DELmE's Batch Virus Maker
  • Computer  Worms
  • How is a Worm Different from a Virus?
  • Example of Worm Infection: Conficker Worm
    • What does the Conficker Worm do?
    • How does the Conficker Worm Work?
  • Worm Analysis:
    • W32/Netsky
    • W32/Bagle.GE
  • Worm Maker: Internet Worm Maker Thing
  • What is Sheep Dip Computer?
  • Anti-Virus Sensors Systems
  • Malware Analysis Procedure
  • String Extracting Tool: Bintext
  • Compression and Decompression Tool: UPX
  • Process Monitoring Tools: Process Monitor
  • Log Packet Content Monitoring Tools: NetResident
  • Debugging Tool: Ollydbg
  • Virus  Analysis Tool: IDA Pro
  • Online Malware Testing:
    • Sunbelt CWSandbox
    • VirusTotal
  • Online Malware Analysis Services
  • Virus Detection Methods
  • Virus and Worms Countermeasures
  • Companion Antivirus: Immunet Protect
  • Anti-virus Tools
  • Penetration Testing for Virus

Sniffers

  • Lawful Intercept
    • Benefits of Lawful Intercept
    • Network Components Used for Lawful Intercept
  • Wiretapping
  • Sniffing Threats
  • How a Sniffer Works?
  • Hacker Attacking a Switch
  • Types of Sniffing: Passive Sniffing
  • Types of Sniffing: Active Sniffing
  • Protocols Vulnerable to Sniffing
  • Tie to Data Link Layer in OSI Model
  • Hardware Protocol Analyzers
  • SPAN Port
  • MAC Flooding
    • MAC Address/CAM Table
    • How CAM Works?
    • What Happens When CAM Table is Full?
    • Mac Flooding Switches with macof
    • MAC Flooding Tool: Yersinia
    • How to Defend against MAC Attacks?
  • How DHCP Works?
    • DHCP Request/Reply Messages
    • IPv4 DHCP Packet Format
    • DHCP Starvation Attack
    • Rogue DHCP Server Attack
    • DHCP Starvation Attack Tool: Gobbler
    • How to Defend Against DHCP Starvation and Rogue Server Attack?
  • What is Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)?
    • ARP Spoofing Attack
    • How Does ARP Spoofing Work?
    • Threats of ARP Poisoning
    • ARP Poisoning Tool: Cain and Abel
    • ARP Poisoning Tool: WinArpAttacker
    • ARP Poisoning Tool: Ufasoft Snif
    • How to Defend Against ARP Poisoning? Use DHCP Snooping Binding Table and Dynamic ARP Inspection
  • Configuring DHCP Snooping and Dynamic ARP Inspection on Cisco Switches
  • MAC Spoofing/Duplicating
    • Spoofing Attack Threats
    • MAC Spoofing Tool: SMAC
    • How to Defend Against MAC Spoofing? Use DHCP Snooping Binding Table, Dynamic ARP Inspection and IP Source Guard
  • DNS Poisoning Techniques
    • Intranet DNS Spoofing
    • Internet DNS Spoofing
    • Proxy Server DNS Poisoning
    • DNS Cache Poisoning
    • How to Defend Against DNS Spoofing?
  • Sniffing Tool: Wireshark
    • Follow TCP Stream in Wireshark
    • Display Filters in Wireshark
    • Additional Wireshark Filters
  • Sniffing Tool: CACE Pilot
  • Sniffing Tool: Tcpdump/Windump
  • Discovery Tool: NetworkView
  • Discovery Tool: The Dude Sniffer
  • Password Sniffing Tool: Ace
  • Packet Sniffing Tool: Capsa Network Analyzer
  • OmniPeek Network Analyzer
  • Network Packet Analyzer: Observer
  • Session Capture Sniffer: NetWitness
  • Email Message Sniffer: Big-Mother
  • TCP/IP Packet Crafter: Packet Builder
  • Additional Sniffing Tools
  • How an Attacker Hacks the Network Using Sniffers?
  • How to Defend Against Sniffing?
  • Sniffing Prevention Techniques
  • How to Detect Sniffing?
  • Promiscuous Detection Tool: PromqryUI
  • Promiscuous Detection Tool: PromiScan

Social Engineering

  • What is Social Engineering?
  • Behaviors Vulnerable to Attacks
    • Factors that Make Companies Vulnerable to Attacks
  • Why is Social Engineering Effective?
  • Warning Signs of an Attack
  • Phases in a Social Engineering Attack
  • Impact on the Organization
  • Command Injection Attacks
  • Common Targets of Social Engineering
    • Common Targets of Social Engineering: Office Workers
  • Types of Social Engineering
    • Human-Based Social Engineering
      • Technical Support Example
      • Authority Support Example
      • Human-based Social Engineering: Dumpster Diving
    • Computer-Based Social Engineering
      • Computer-Based Social Engineering: Pop-Ups
      • Computer-Based Social Engineering: Phishing
    • Social Engineering Using SMS
    • Social Engineering by a “Fake SMS Spying Tool”
  • Insider Attack
    • Disgruntled Employee
    • Preventing Insider Threats
  • Common Intrusion Tactics and Strategies for Prevention
  • Social Engineering Through Impersonation on Social Networking Sites
    • Social Engineering Example: LinkedIn Profile
    • Social Engineering on Facebook
    • Social Engineering on Twitter
    • Social Engineering on Orkut
    • Social Engineering on MySpace
  • Risks of Social Networking to Corporate Networks
  • Identity Theft Statistics 2010
    • Identify Theft
    • How to Steal an Identity?
    • STEP 1
    • STEP 2
    • STEP 3
  • Real Steven Gets Huge Credit Card Statement
  • Identity Theft - Serious Problem
  • Social Engineering Countermeasures: Policies
    • Social Engineering Countermeasures
  • How to Detect Phishing Emails?
    • Anti-Phishing Toolbar: Netcraft
    • Anti-Phishing Toolbar: PhishTank
  • Identity Theft Countermeasures
  • Social Engineering Pen Testing
    • Social Engineering Pen Testing: Using Emails
    • Social Engineering Pen Testing: Using Phone
    • Social Engineering Pen Testing: In Person

Denial of Service

  • What is a Denial of Service Attack?
  • What is Distributed Denial of Service Attacks?
    • How Distributed Denial of Service Attacks Work?
  • Symptoms of a DoS Attack
  • Cyber Criminals
    • Organized Cyber Crime: Organizational Chart
  • Internet Chat Query (ICQ)
  • Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
  • DoS Attack Techniques
    • Bandwidth Attacks
    • Service Request Floods
    • SYN Attack
    • SYN Flooding
    • ICMP Flood Attack
    • Peer-to-Peer Attacks
    • Permanent Denial-of-Service Attack
    • Application Level Flood Attacks
  • Botnet
    • Botnet Propagation Technique
    • Botnet Ecosystem
    • Botnet Trojan: Shark
    • Poison Ivy: Botnet Command Control Center
    • Botnet Trojan: PlugBot
  • WikiLeak Operation Payback
    • DDoS Attack
    • DDoS Attack Tool: LOIC
    • Denial of Service Attack Against MasterCard, Visa, and Swiss Banks
    • Hackers Advertise Links to Download Botnet
  • DoS Attack Tools
  • Detection Techniques
    • Activity Profiling
    • Wavelet Analysis
    • Sequential Change-Point Detection
  • DoS/DDoS Countermeasure Strategies
  • DDoS Attack Countermeasures
    • DoS/DDoS Countermeasures: Protect Secondary Victims
    • DoS/DDoS Countermeasures: Detect and Neutralize Handlers
    • DoS/DDoS Countermeasures: Detect Potential Attacks
    • DoS/DDoS Countermeasures: Deflect Attacks
    • DoS/DDoS Countermeasures: Mitigate Attacks
  • Post-attack Forensics
  • Techniques to Defend against Botnets
  • DoS/DDoS Countermeasures
  • DoS/DDoS Protection at ISP Level
  • Enabling TCP Intercept on Cisco IOS Software
  • Advanced DDoS Protection: IntelliGuard DDoS Protection System (DPS)
  • DoS/DDoS Protection Tool
  • Denial of Service (DoS) Attack Penetration Testing

Session Hijacking

  • What is Session Hijacking?
  • Dangers Posed by Hijacking
  • Why Session Hijacking is Successful?
  • Key Session Hijacking Techniques
  • Brute Forcing
    • Brute Forcing Attack
  • HTTP Referrer Attack
  • Spoofing vs. Hijacking
  • Session Hijacking Process
  • Packet Analysis of a Local Session Hijack
  • Types of Session Hijacking
    • Session Hijacking in OSI Model
    • Application Level Session Hijacking
    • Session Sniffing
  • Predictable Session Token
    • How to Predict a Session Token?
  • Man-in-the-Middle Attack
  • Man-in-the-Browser Attack
    • Steps to Perform Man-in-the-Browser Attack
  • Client-side Attacks
  • Cross-site Script Attack
  • Session Fixation
    • Session Fixation Attack
  • Network Level Session Hijacking
  • The 3-Way Handshake
  • Sequence Numbers
    • Sequence Number Prediction
  • TCP/IP Hijacking
  • IP Spoofing: Source Routed Packets
  • RST Hijacking
  • Blind Hijacking
  • Man-in-the-Middle Attack using Packet Sniffer
  • UDP Hijacking
  • Session Hijacking Tools
    • Paros
    • Burp Suite
    • Firesheep
  • Countermeasures
  • Protecting against Session Hijacking
  • Methods to Prevent Session Hijacking: To be Followed by Web Developers
  • Methods to Prevent Session Hijacking: To be Followed by Web Users
  • Defending against Session Hijack Attacks
  • Session Hijacking Remediation
  • IPSec
    • Modes of IPSec
    • IPSec Architecture
    • IPSec Authentication and Confidentiality
    • Components of IPSec
    • IPSec Implementation
  • Session Hijacking Pen Testing

Hijacking Webservers

  • Webserver Market Shares
  • Open Source Webserver Architecture
  • IIS Webserver Architecture
  • Website Defacement
  • Case Study
  • Why Web Servers are Compromised?
  • Impact of Webserver Attacks
  • Webserver Misconfiguration
    • Example
  • Directory Traversal Attacks
  • HTTP Response Splitting Attack
  • Web Cache Poisoning Attack
  • HTTP Response Hijacking
  • SSH Bruteforce Attack
  • Man-in-the-Middle Attack
  • Webserver Password Cracking
    • Webserver Password Cracking Techniques
  • Web Application Attacks
  • Webserver Attack Methodology
    • Information Gathering
    • Webserver Footprinting
      • Webserver Footprinting Tools
    • Mirroring a Website
    • Vulnerability Scanning
    • Session Hijacking
    • Hacking Web Passwords
  • Webserver Attack Tools
    • Metasploit
      • Metasploit Architecture
      • Metasploit Exploit Module
      • Metasploit Payload Module
      • Metasploit Auxiliary Module
      • Metasploit NOPS Module
    • Wfetch
  • Web Password Cracking Tool
    • Brutus
    • THC-Hydra
  • Countermeasures
    • Patches and Updates
    • Protocols
    • Accounts
    • Files and Directories
  • How to Defend Against Web Server Attacks?
  • How to Defend against HTTP Response Splitting and Web Cache Poisoning?
  • Patches and Hotfixes
  • What is Patch Management?
  • Identifying Appropriate Sources for Updates and Patches
  • Installation of a Patch
  • Patch Management Tool: Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA)
    • Patch Management Tools
  • Web Application Security Scanner: Sandcat
  • Web Server Security Scanner: Wikto
  • Webserver Malware Infection Monitoring Tool: HackAlert
  • Webserver Security Tools
  • Web Server Penetration Testing

Hacking Web Applications

  • Web Application Security Statistics
  • Introduction to Web Applications
  • Web Application Components
  • How Web Applications Work?
  • Web Application Architecture
  • Web 2.0 Applications
  • Vulnerability Stack
  • Web Attack Vectors
  • Web Application Threats - 1
  • Web Application Threats - 2
  • Unvalidated Input
  • Parameter/Form Tampering
  • Directory Traversal
  • Security Misconfiguration
  • Injection Flaws
    • SQL Injection Attacks
    • Command Injection Attacks
    • Command Injection Example
    • File Injection Attack
  • What is LDAP Injection?
  • How LDAP Injection Works?
  • Hidden Field Manipulation Attack
  • Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Attacks
    • How XSS Attacks Work?
    • Cross-Site Scripting Attack Scenario: Attack via Email
    • XSS Example: Attack via Email
    • XSS Example: Stealing Users' Cookies
    • XSS Example: Sending an Unauthorized Request
    • XSS Attack in Blog Posting
    • XSS Attack in Comment Field
    • XSS Cheat Sheet
    • Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) Attack
    • How CSRF Attacks Work?
  • Web Application Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attack
    • Denial of Service (DoS) Examples
  • Buffer Overflow Attacks
  • Cookie/Session Poisoning
    • How Cookie Poisoning Works?
  • Session Fixation Attack
  • Insufficient Transport Layer Protection
  • Improper Error Handling
  • Insecure Cryptographic Storage
  • Broken Authentication and Session Management
  • Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards
  • Web Services Architecture
    • Web Services Attack
    • Web Services Footprinting Attack
    • Web Services XML Poisoning
  • Footprint Web Infrastructure
    • Footprint Web Infrastructure: Server Discovery
    • Footprint Web Infrastructure: Server Identification/Banner Grabbing
    • Footprint Web Infrastructure: Hidden Content Discovery
  • Web Spidering Using Burp Suite
  • Hacking Web Servers
    • Web Server Hacking Tool: WebInspect
  • Analyze Web Applications
    • Analyze Web Applications: Identify Entry Points for User Input
    • Analyze Web Applications: Identify Server-Side Technologies
    • Analyze Web Applications: Identify Server-Side Functionality
    • Analyze Web Applications: Map the Attack Surface
  • Attack Authentication Mechanism
  • Username Enumeration
  • Password Attacks: Password Functionality Exploits
  • Password Attacks: Password Guessing
  • Password Attacks: Brute-forcing
  • Session Attacks: Session ID Prediction/ Brute-forcing
  • Cookie Exploitation: Cookie Poisoning
  • Authorization Attack
    • HTTP Request Tampering
    • Authorization Attack: Cookie Parameter Tampering
  • Session Management Attack
    • Attacking Session Token Generation Mechanism
    • Attacking Session Tokens Handling Mechanism: Session Token Sniffing
  • Injection Attacks
  • Attack Data Connectivity
    • Connection String Injection
    • Connection String Parameter Pollution (CSPP) Attacks
    • Connection Pool DoS
  • Attack Web App Client
  • Attack Web Services
  • Web Services Probing Attacks
    • Web Service Attacks: SOAP Injection
    • Web Service Attacks: XML Injection
    • Web Services Parsing Attacks
  • Web Service Attack Tool: soapUI
  • Web Service Attack Tool: XMLSpy
  • Web Application Hacking Tool: Burp Suite Professional
  • Web Application Hacking Tools: CookieDigger
  • Web Application Hacking Tools: WebScarab
    • Web Application Hacking Tools
  • Encoding Schemes
    • How to Defend Against SQL Injection Attacks?
    • How to Defend Against Command Injection Flaws?
    • How to Defend Against XSS Attacks?
    • How to Defend Against DoS Attack?
    • How to Defend Against Web Services Attack?
  • Web Application Countermeasures
    • How to Defend Against Web Application Attacks?
    • Web Application Security Tool: Acunetix Web Vulnerability Scanner
    • Web Application Security Tool: Falcove Web Vulnerability Scanner
    • Web Application Security Scanner: Netsparker
    • Web Application Security Tool: N-Stalker Web Application Security Scanner
    • Web Application Security Tools
  • Web Application Firewall:  dotDefender
  • Web Application Firewall: IBM AppScan
  • Web Application Firewall: ServerDefender VP
    • Web Application Firewall
  • Web Application Pen Testing
    • Information Gathering
    • Configuration Management Testing
    • Authentication Testing
    • Session Management Testing
    • Authorization Testing
    • Data Validation Testing
    • Denial of Service Testing
    • Web Services Testing
    • AJAX Testing

SQL Injection

  • SQL Injection is the Most Prevalent Vulnerability in 2010
  • SQL Injection Threats
  • What is SQL Injection?
  • SQL Injection Attacks
  • How Web Applications Work?
  • Server Side Technologies
  • HTTP Post Request
    • Example 1: Normal SQL Query
    • Example 1: SQL Injection Query
    • Example 1: Code Analysis
    • Example 2: BadProductList.aspx
    • Example 2: Attack Analysis
    • Example 3: Updating Table
    • Example 4: Adding New Records
    • Example 5: Identifying the Table Name
    • Example 6: Deleting a Table
  • SQL Injection Detection
    • SQL Injection Error Messages
    • SQL Injection Attack Characters
    • Additional Methods to Detect SQL Injection
  • SQL Injection Black Box Pen Testing
    • Testing for SQL Injection
  • Types of SQL Injection
    • Simple SQL Injection Attack
    • Union SQL Injection Example
    • SQL Injection Error Based
  • What is Blind SQL Injection?
    • No Error Messages Returned
    • Blind SQL Injection: WAITFOR DELAY YES or NO Response
    • Blind SQL Injection – Exploitation (MySQL)
    • Blind SQL Injection - Extract Database User
    • Blind SQL Injection - Extract Database Name
    • Blind SQL Injection - Extract Column Name
    • Blind SQL Injection - Extract Data from ROWS
  • SQL Injection Methodology
  • Information Gathering
    • Extracting Information through Error Messages
    • Understanding SQL Query
    • Bypass Website Logins Using SQL Injection
  • Database, Table, and Column Enumeration
    • Advanced Enumeration
  • Features of Different DBMSs
    • Creating Database Accounts
  • Password Grabbing
    • Grabbing SQL Server Hashes
    • Extracting SQL Hashes (In a Single Statement)
  • Transfer Database to Attacker’s Machine
  • Interacting with the Operating System
  • Interacting with the FileSystem
  • Network Reconnaissance Full Query
  • SQL Injection Tools
    • SQL Injection Tools: BSQLHacker
    • SQL Injection Tools: Marathon Tool
    • SQL Injection Tools: SQL Power Injector
    • SQL Injection Tools: Havij
  • Evading IDS
    • Types of Signature Evasion Techniques
    • Evasion Technique: Sophisticated Matches
    • Evasion Technique: Hex Encoding
    • Evasion Technique: Manipulating White Spaces
    • Evasion Technique: In-line Comment
    • Evasion Technique: Char Encoding
    • Evasion Technique: String Concatenation
    • Evasion Technique: Obfuscated Codes
  • How to Defend Against SQL Injection Attacks?
    • How to Defend Against SQL Injection Attacks: Use Type-Safe SQL Parameters
  • SQL Injection Detection Tools
    • SQL Injection Detection Tool: Microsoft Source Code Analyzer
    • SQL Injection Detection Tool: Microsoft UrlScan
    • SQL Injection Detection Tool: dotDefender
    • SQL Injection Detection Tool: IBM AppScan
  • Snort Rule to Detect SQL Injection Attacks

Hacking Wireless Networks

  • Wireless Networks
  • Wi-Fi Usage Statistics in the US
  • Wi-Fi Hotspots at Public Places
  • Wi-Fi Networks at Home
  • Types of Wireless Networks
  • Wireless Standards
  • Service Set Identifier (SSID)
  • Wi-Fi Authentication Modes
    • Wi-Fi Authentication Process Using a Centralized Authentication Server
    • Wi-Fi Authentication Process
  • Wireless Terminologies
  • Wi-Fi Chalking
    • Wi-Fi Chalking Symbols
  • Wi-Fi Hotspot Finder: jiwire.com
  • Wi-Fi Hotspot Finder: WeFi.com
  • Types of Wireless Antenna
  • Parabolic Grid Antenna
  • Types of Wireless Encryption
  • WEP Encryption
    • How WEP Works?
  • What is WPA?
    • How WPA Works?
  • Temporal Keys
  • What is WPA2?
    • How WPA2 Works?
  • WEP vs. WPA vs. WPA2
  • WEP Issues
  • Weak Initialization Vectors (IV)
  • How to Break WEP Encryption?
  • How to Break WPA/WPA2 Encryption?
  • How to Defend Against WPA Cracking?
  • Wireless Threats: Access Control Attacks
  • Wireless Threats: Integrity Attacks
  • Wireless Threats: Confidentiality Attacks
  • Wireless Threats: Availability Attacks
  • Wireless Threats: Authentication Attacks
  • Rogue Access Point Attack
  • Client Mis-association
  • Misconfigured Access Point Attack
  • Unauthorized Association
  • Ad Hoc Connection Attack
  • HoneySpot Access Point Attack
  • AP MAC Spoofing
  • Denial-of-Service Attack
  • Jamming Signal Attack
  • Wi-Fi Jamming Devices
  • Wireless Hacking Methodology
  • Find Wi-Fi Networks to Attack
  • Attackers Scanning for Wi-Fi Networks
  • Footprint the Wireless Network
  • Wi-Fi Discovery Tool: inSSIDer
  • Wi-Fi Discovery Tool: NetSurveyor
  • Wi-Fi Discovery Tool: NetStumbler
  • Wi-Fi Discovery Tool: Vistumbler
  • Wi-Fi Discovery Tool: WirelessMon
  • Wi-Fi Discovery Tools
  • GPS Mapping
    • GPS Mapping Tool: WIGLE
    • GPS Mapping Tool: Skyhook
  • How to Discover Wi-Fi Network Using Wardriving?
  • Wireless Traffic Analysis
  • Wireless Cards and Chipsets
  • Wi-Fi USB Dongle: AirPcap
  • Wi-Fi Packet Sniffer: Wireshark with AirPcap
  • Wi-Fi Packet Sniffer: Wi-Fi Pilot
  • Wi-Fi Packet Sniffer: OmniPeek
  • Wi-Fi Packet Sniffer: CommView for Wi-Fi
  • What is Spectrum Analysis?
  • Wireless Sniffers
  • Aircrack-ng Suite
  • How to Reveal Hidden SSIDs
  • Fragmentation Attack
  • How to Launch MAC Spoofing Attack?
  • Denial of Service: Deauthentication and Disassociation Attacks
  • Man-in-the-Middle Attack
  • MITM Attack Using Aircrack-ng
  • Wireless ARP Poisoning Attack
  • Rogue Access Point
  • Evil Twin
    • How to Set Up a Fake Hotspot (Evil Twin)?
  • How to Crack WEP Using Aircrack?
  • How to Crack WEP Using Aircrack? Screenshot 1/2
  • How to Crack WEP Using Aircrack? Screenshot 2/2
  • How to Crack WPA-PSK Using Aircrack?
  • WPA Cracking Tool: KisMAC
  • WEP Cracking Using Cain & Abel
  • WPA Brute Forcing Using Cain & Abel
  • WPA Cracking Tool: Elcomsoft Wireless Security Auditor
  • WEP/WPA Cracking Tools
  • Wi-Fi Sniffer: Kismet
  • Wardriving Tools
  • RF Monitoring Tools
  • Wi-Fi Connection Manager Tools
  • Wi-Fi Traffic Analyzer Tools
  • Wi-Fi Raw Packet Capturing Tools
  • Wi-Fi Spectrum Analyzing Tools
  • Bluetooth Hacking
    • Bluetooth Stack
    • Bluetooth Threats
  • How to BlueJack a Victim?
  • Bluetooth Hacking Tool: Super Bluetooth Hack
  • Bluetooth Hacking Tool: PhoneSnoop
  • Bluetooth Hacking Tool:  BlueScanner
    • Bluetooth Hacking Tools
  • How to Defend Against Bluetooth Hacking?
  • How to Detect and Block Rogue AP?
  • Wireless Security Layers
  • How to Defend Against Wireless Attacks?
  • Wireless Intrusion Prevention Systems
  • Wireless IPS Deployment
  • Wi-Fi Security Auditing Tool: AirMagnet WiFi Analyzer
  • Wi-Fi Security Auditing Tool: AirDefense
  • Wi-Fi Security Auditing Tool: Adaptive Wireless IPS
  • Wi-Fi Security Auditing Tool: Aruba RFProtect WIPS
  • Wi-Fi Intrusion Prevention System
  • Wi-Fi Predictive Planning Tools
  • Wi-Fi Vulnerability Scanning Tools
  • Wireless Penetration Testing
    • Wireless Penetration Testing Framework
    • Wi-Fi Pen Testing Framework
    • Pen Testing LEAP Encrypted WLAN
    • Pen Testing WPA/WPA2 Encrypted WLAN
    • Pen Testing WEP Encrypted WLAN
    • Pen Testing Unencrypted WLAN

Evading IDS Firewalls and Honeypots

  • Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and its Placement
  • How IDS Works?
  • Ways to Detect an Intrusion
  • Types of Intrusion Detection Systems
  • System Integrity Verifiers (SIV)
  • General Indications of Intrusions
  • General Indications of System Intrusions
  • Firewall
    • Firewall Architecture
  • DeMilitarized Zone (DMZ)
  • Types of Firewall
    • Packet Filtering Firewall
    • Circuit-Level Gateway Firewall
    • Application-Level Firewall
    • Stateful Multilayer Inspection Firewall
  • Firewall Identification
    • Port Scanning
    • Firewalking
    • Banner Grabbing
  • Honeypot
    • Types of Honeypots
  • How to Set Up a Honeypot?
  • Intrusion Detection Tool
    • Snort
    • Snort Rules
    • Rule Actions and IP Protocols
    • The Direction Operator and IP Addresses
    • Port Numbers
  • Intrusion Detection Systems: Tipping Point
    • Intrusion Detection Tools
  • Firewall: Sunbelt Personal Firewall
    • Firewalls
  • Honeypot Tools
    • KFSensor
    • SPECTER
  • Insertion Attack
  • Evasion
  • Denial-of-Service Attack (DoS)
  • Obfuscating
  • False Positive Generation
  • Session Splicing
  • Unicode Evasion Technique
  • Fragmentation Attack
  • Overlapping Fragments
  • Time-To-Live Attacks
  • Invalid RST Packets
  • Urgency Flag
  • Polymorphic Shellcode
  • ASCII Shellcode
  • Application-Layer Attacks
  • Desynchronization
  • Pre Connection SYN
  • Post Connection SYN
  • Other Types of Evasion
    • IP Address Spoofing
    • Attacking Session Token Generation Mechanism
    • Tiny Fragments
  • Bypass Blocked Sites Using IP Address in Place of URL
    • Bypass Blocked Sites Using Anonymous Website Surfing Sites
  • Bypass a Firewall using Proxy Server
    • Bypassing Firewall through ICMP Tunneling Method
    • Bypassing Firewall through ACK Tunneling Method
    • Bypassing Firewall through HTTP Tunneling Method
    • Bypassing Firewall through External Systems
    • Bypassing Firewall through MITM Attack
  • Detecting Honeypots
  • Honeypot Detecting Tool: Send-Safe Honeypot Hunter
  • Firewall Evasion Tools
    • Traffic IQ Professional
    • tcp-over-dns
    • Firewall Evasion Tools
  • Packet Fragment Generators
  • Countermeasures
  • Firewall/IDS Penetration Testing
    • Firewall Penetration Testing
    • IDS Penetration Testing

Buffer Overflow

  • Buffer Overflows
  • Why are Programs And Applications Vulnerable?
  • Understanding Stacks
  • Stack-Based Buffer Overflow
  • Understanding Heap
    • Heap-Based Buffer Overflow
  • Stack Operations
    • Shellcode
    • No Operations (NOPs)
  • Knowledge Required to Program Buffer Overflow Exploits
  • Buffer Overflow Steps
    • Attacking a Real Program
    • Format String Problem
    • Overflow using Format String
    • Smashing the Stack
    • Once the Stack is Smashed...
  • Simple Uncontrolled Overflow
  • Simple Buffer Overflow in C
  • Code Analysis
  • Exploiting Semantic Comments in C (Annotations)
  • How to Mutate a Buffer Overflow Exploit?
  • Identifying Buffer Overflows
  • How to Detect Buffer Overflows in a Program?
  • BOU (Buffer Overflow Utility)
  • Testing for Heap Overflow Conditions: heap.exe
  • Steps for Testing for Stack Overflow in OllyDbg Debugger
    • Testing for Stack Overflow in OllyDbg Debugger
  • Testing for Format String Conditions using IDA Pro
  • BoF Detection Tools
  • Defense Against Buffer Overflows
    • Preventing BoF Attacks
    • Programming Countermeasures
  • Data Execution Prevention (DEP)
  • Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit (EMET)
    • EMET System Configuration Settings
    • EMET Application Configuration Window
  • /GS http://microsoft.com
  • BoF Security Tools
    • BufferShield
  • Buffer Overflow Penetration Testing

Cryptography

  • Cryptography
  • Types of Cryptography
  • Government Access to Keys (GAK)
  • Ciphers
  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)
  • Data Encryption Standard (DES)
  • RC4, RC5, RC6 Algorithms
  • The DSA and Related Signature Schemes
  • RSA (Rivest Shamir Adleman)
    • Example of RSA Algorithm
    • The RSA Signature Scheme
  • Message Digest (One-way Bash) Functions
    • Message Digest Function: MD5
  • Secure Hashing Algorithm (SHA)
  • What is SSH (Secure Shell)?
  • MD5 Hash Calculators: HashCalc, MD5 Calculator and HashMyFiles
  • Cryptography Tool: Advanced Encryption Package
  • Cryptography Tools
  • Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)
  • Certification Authorities
  • Digital Signature
  • SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)
  • Transport Layer Security (TLS)
  • Disk Encryption
    • Disk Encryption Tool: TrueCrypt
    • Disk Encryption Tools
  • Cryptography Attacks
  • Code Breaking Methodologies
    • Brute-Force Attack
  • Meet-in-the-Middle Attack on Digital Signature Schemes
  • Cryptanalysis Tool: CrypTool
  • Cryptanalysis Tools
  • Online MD5 Decryption Tool

Penetration Testing

  • Introduction to Penetration Testing
  • Security Assessments
  • Vulnerability Assessment
    • Limitations of  Vulnerability Assessment
  • Penetration Testing
  • Why Penetration Testing?
  • What Should be Tested?
  • What Makes a Good Penetration Test?
  • ROI on Penetration Testing
  • Testing Points
  • Testing Locations
  • Types of Penetration Testing
    • External Penetration Testing
    • Internal Security Assessment
    • Black-box Penetration Testing
    • Grey-box Penetration Testing
    • White-box Penetration Testing
    • Announced / Unannounced Testing
    • Automated Testing
    • Manual Testing
  • Common Penetration Testing Techniques
  • Using DNS Domain Name and IP Address Information
  • Enumerating Information about Hosts on Publicly-Available Networks
  • Phases of Penetration Testing
    • Pre-Attack Phase
    • Attack Phase
      • Activity: Perimeter Testing
      • Enumerating Devices
      • Activity: Acquiring Target
      • Activity: Escalating Privileges
      • Activity: Execute, Implant, and Retract
    • Post-Attack Phase and Activities
      • Penetration Testing Deliverable Templates
  • Penetration Testing Methodology
    • Application Security Assessment
      • Web Application Testing - I
      • Web Application Testing - II
      • Web Application Testing - III
    • Network Security Assessment
    • Wireless/Remote Access Assessment
      • Wireless Testing
    • Telephony Security Assessment
    • Social Engineering
    • Testing Network-Filtering Devices
    • Denial of Service Emulation
  • Outsourcing Penetration Testing Services
    • Terms of Engagement
    • Project Scope
    • Pentest Service Level Agreements
    • Penetration Testing Consultants
  • Evaluating Different Types of Pentest Tools
  • Application Security Assessment Tool
    • Webscarab
  • Network Security Assessment Tool
    • Angry IP scanner
    • GFI LANguard
  • Wireless/Remote Access Assessment Tool
    • Kismet
  • Telephony Security Assessment Tool
    • Omnipeek
  • Testing Network-Filtering Device Tool
    • Traffic IQ Professional
   
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